About the CFHT Cloudcams

The Cloud Cameras (known colloquially as “CloudCams”) of Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope are a pair of cameras mounted along the exterior catwalk of the observatory. These cameras were once standard consumer-grade DSLR cameras, but they have since been extensively modified for very high sensitivity and converted to autonomous computer control. From their weathertight enclosures, these cameras are capable of taking images of clouds (their namesake!), along with other weather and human activity— additionally, even the incandescence of volcanic eruptions and the faint glow of the Milky Way can be seen! Much of this is visible on the brightest moonlit night or the darkest moonless night as the cameras automatically adapt and optimize for the best possible images regardless of the ambient light conditions. Due to the extreme sensitivity of these cameras, they only operate during the nighttime hours from sunset to sunrise.

What you are seeing:

The two CloudCams mounted at CFHT are strategically located around the catwalk to observe specific areas, with the name of each camera and its field of view identified on the map included with this text.

CloudCam1 faces nearly due east and includes the city of Hilo and it’s environs north along the Hamakua Coast and south towards Puna. Also visible are ships on the ocean, aircraft utilizing Hilo International Airport, and vehicles climbing Saddle Road. As this camera faces east, stars and planets all appear to rise from this direction—over the course of the night an object that appears on the horizon, will rise higher and higher before leaving the image at the top of the frame.

CloudCam2 faces southwest with a view of CFHT’s neighbour observatories along Maunakea’s East Ridge and down into the Saddle between Maunakea and Maunaloa. Lights from the US Army’s Pohakuloa Training Area can occasionally be seen in addition to a faint glow of city lights from Kailua- Kona which is hidden from direct view by the slopes of Maunaloa and Hualalai. This camera also has spectacular views of the beautiful southern sky. In summer months the Milky Way dazzles, arching high over Maunaloa, with the Hawaiian constellation of Hanaiakamalama — more famously known as Crux or the Southern Cross—visible as well.

Lastly, though Maunakea is one of the driest sites in the entire Pacific Ocean, and sits above the vast majority of weather, storms occasionally do reach the summit. During these events, which occur most often during the rainy season of November to April, it is possible that some or all of the CloudCams will have their views partially or completely obscured by fog, ice or snow. As a result, CFHT cannot guarantee that the CloudCams will be fully operational during these times.

Wait? Is that an alien?!

Because of the extreme sensitivity of these camera, even very faint things in the sky can appear very bright. The Moon looks a lot like the sun and the planets appear brighter than we are used to seeing them. Even a crescent moon is so bright it saturates the image like the sun does to normal cameras. You can usually tell the difference because when the moon rises you will still see stars but when the sun rises all the stars disappear. Remember: everything in the sky rises and sets at a different time each day! What was visible the night before, may not be visible at the same time the next night.

About the time-lapse videos:

The CloudCams take a picture about every 30 seconds and, at the end of the night, compiles them into a time-lapse ‘Night Movie’. These movies compress an entire night into about a minute of footage— everything in the movies appears greatly accelerated. For example, airplanes may appear as streaks and ships and cars may appear to move quite quickly.

Location:

These cameras are located on the Canada-France-Hawai-Telescope on Maunakea: 19.8253° N, 155.4696° W altitude: 4,204 meters

-> View current images
-> View time-lapse video from these cameras